Archive Message - 1995

Since some of the materials which describe the $cientology cult could be considered to be copywritten materials, I have censored myself and The Skeptic Tank by deleting any and all possible text files which describes the cult's hidden mythologies. I have elected to quote just a bit of the questionable text according to the "Fair Use" legal findings afforded to those who report. - Fredric L. Rice, The Skeptic Tank, 09/Sep/95 -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- From!!!!netnews Mon Jul 10 17:03:11 1995 Path:!!!!netnews From: (Maureen Garde) Newsgroups: alt.religion.scientology Subject: Re: American Founding Fathers APPROVED of anonimity. Date: 9 Jul 1995 16:07:21 GMT Organization: Netcom Lines: 84 Distribution: world Message-ID: <3tourp$> References: <3tcq9n$r5a@Starbase.NeoSoft.COM> <3tk4f9$> <3tkkiq$> <3tnks3$> NNTP-Posting-Host: In <3tnks3$> (Samuel Kaplin) responds to this statement: >: However, I don't think even Thomas Jefferson would approve of cowardly >: bigots who voice their opinion while hiding behind a screen. Mr. Kaplan responds: >BULLSHIT!! Ever hear of "Publius?" Just to refresh everyone's memory, >Publius was a psudonym used by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James >Madison to publish the "Federalist Papers." I believe Jefferson knew of >the effort. OUR FOUNDING FATHERS APPROVED OF ANONINIMITY AND USED IT!! I >would hardly call any of these patriots cowards! > >Sam In McIntyre v. Ohio Board of Elections, Justice Stevens of the United States Supreme Court discussed the tradition of anonymous publishing in a case in which the Court struck down an Onio election board regulation that prohibited anonymous campaign literature. The full text of the opinion is available at I accessed the opinion through Justice Stevens stated: -Anonymous pamphlets, leaflets, brochures and even books have played an important role in the progress of mankind.- Talley v. California, 362 U. S. 60, 64 (1960). Great works of literature have frequently been produced by authors writing under assumed names. Despite readers' curiosity and the public's interest in identifying the creator of a work of art, an author generally is free to decide whether or not to disclose her true identity. The decision in favor of anonymity may be motivated by fear of economic or official retaliation, by concern about social ostracism, or merely by a desire to preserve as much of one's privacy as possible. Whatever the motivation may be, at least in the field of literary endeavor, the interest in having anonymous works enter the marketplace of ideas unquestionably outweighs any public interest in requiring disclosure as a condition of entry. Accordingly, an author's decision to remain anonymous, like other decisions concerning omissions or additions to the content of a publication, is an aspect of the freedom of speech protected by the First Amend- ment. The freedom to publish anonymously extends beyond the literary realm. In Talley, the Court held that the First Amendment protects the distribution of unsigned handbills urging readers to boycott certain Los Angeles merchants who were allegedly engaging in discrimina- tory employment practices. 362 U. S. 60. Writing for the Court, Justice Black noted that -[p]ersecuted groups and sects from time to time throughout history have been able to criticize oppressive practices and laws either anonymously or not at all.- Id., at 64. Justice Black recalled England's abusive press licensing laws and seditious libel prosecutions, and he reminded us that even the arguments favoring the ratification of the Constitution advanced in the Federalist Papers were published under fictitious names. Id., at 64-65. On occasion, quite apart from any threat of persecution, an advocate may believe her ideas will be more persuasive if her readers are unaware of her identity. Anonymity thereby provides a way for a writer who may be person- ally unpopular to ensure that readers will not prejudge her message simply because they do not like its propo- nent. Thus, even in the field of political rhetoric, where -the identity of the speaker is an important component of many attempts to persuade,- City of Ladue v. Gilleo, 512 U. S. ___, ___ (1994) (slip op., at 13), the most effective advocates have sometimes opted for anonymity. The specific holding in Talley related to advocacy of an economic boycott, but the Court's reasoning embraced a respected tradition of anonymity in the advocacy of political causes. This tradition is perhaps best exem- plified by the secret ballot, the hard-won right to vote one's conscience without fear of retaliation.


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